The quantity of feed consumed by a goat depends on: age; breed; sex, size and physiological status (pregnant /lactating.)
– Goats will consume about 3-5% of their own body weight in dry matter daily or 8-10% of body weight in fresh matter basis.
– Young goats will consume relatively more than mature goats
– Pregnant and lactating animals will need more feed to produce milk and to enable the fetus to grow.
– Goats need a balanced diet comprising of water, carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, minerals and fiber.
|Protein||Leguminous plants (Lucerne, Agathi, etc.,), Poultry litter, Oil seed cakes (Cotton seed, Ground nut, sesame), Azolla|
|Carbohydrates||Cereals (maize, sorghum, millet, corn), molasses|
|Vitamins||Vegetables, green forage|
|Minerals||Agro-industrial residue, limestone flour|
|Water||Water bodies, succulents (water melons, cacti etc)|
|Fiber||Crop residues, hay|