Indian goat breeds


Jamnapari

thJamunapari is the biggest and most majestic breed of goats in India. The breed bas been extensively utilised to upgrade indigenous breeds for milk and meat (dual-purpose) and has been exported to neighbouring countries for the same purposes. Its home is between the Jamuna. Ganges and Chambal rivers.

 Pure stocks are found in Etawah district of V.P. The breed is distributed in Agra and Mathura districts of V.P. and Morena district of Madhya Pradesh.

a. Breed characteristics

S.No

Size (average)

Adult male

Adult female

1

Body weight (kg)

50-60

40-50

2

Body length (cm)

77.0

75.0

3

Chest girth (cm)

79.0

76.1

b. Conformation

There is a great variation in coat colour but they are generally white or light yellowish tan with light brown spots on the neck and face, and occasionally patches of tan or black are found on the body. The typical character of the breed is a highly convex nose line with a tuft of hair known as “Roman nose” or parrot mouth appearance.
The ears are very long, flat and drooping. Both sexes are horned with short and thin tail. A thick growth of hair is present on the buttocks, known as feathers. The breed has well developed udder round in shape with large conical teats.

c. Performance

i. Milk: Average daily yield varies from 1.5 to 2.0 kg per day with a total lactation yield of about 200 kg.

ii. Kidding: Usually doe kids once a year, giving birth to single in 57% while twins in 43% cases. They kid once a year.

iii. Meat: Dressing percentage on pre-slaughter live-weight basis is about 45% at 6 months and 48% at nine months with a bone and meat ratio of 1:3.9.


Thalachery/Malabari

The breed is reared mainly for meat purpose and their skin is popular with the tanning industry. Kerala Agricultural University has undertaken cross-breeding programmed with Alpine and Saanen for improving reproduction and milk yield. The average milk yield of this breed is 100-190 kg with a lactation period of 180-210 days. The animals are medium in size. They have no uniform color which varies from completely white to full black. 30% goats are long haired. All males and a small number of females are bearded.

 a. Breed characteristics

Sl.No

Size (average)

Adult male

Adult female

1

Body weight (kg)

38.00

31.00

2

Body length (cm)

70.0

63.0

3

Chest girth (cm)

73.0

67.0

b. Conformation

The animals are medium in size. They have no uniform colour which varies from completely white to full black. About 30% goats are long haired. All males and a small number of females are bearded. Animals are medium sized, head with flat and occasional Roman nose and medium sized ears directed outward and downward.

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Indian goat breeds

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